Inspections related to standards for seafarers (inspections in third countries)

Shipping is one of the safest means of transport, yet thousands of accidents still occur each year and the great majority of these involve human error. The main issues which can have an effect on the potential for human error are education, training and working conditions. Therefore, the better the education and training received by seafarers is, the safer shipping will become.

Although many seafarers operating in European waters were educated, trained and certified in Europe, it is important to note that EU registered ships are often crewed by seafarers who are not nationals of EU Member States. This fact needs to be taken into account when determining the best ways of ensuring that crew members on board EU registered ships are appropriately educated and trained. EMSA has been given two tasks in this respect: inspections to non-EU countries and visits to EU Member States (including also the EFTA States).

The EU legislation through Directive (EU) 2022/993 introduced a specific procedure based on which the assessment of compliance with the requirements of the International Maritime Organization's STCW Convention (Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping) by non-EU countries is conducted by the European Commission for a wider recognition of their certificates of competency by EU Member States. The European Commission assisted by EMSA assesses the systems implemented in non-EU countries on behalf of EU Member States and in line with the STCW Convention. All assessments take place within a maximum of a ten-year period so that, in addition to the occasional evaluation of proposed new non-EU countries, each country that has already been recognised at EU level will be assessed regularly. The inspections conducted by EMSA are the basis for the assessments.

Before travelling to a selected non-EU country, EMSA’s inspectors conduct a detailed analysis of the relevant national provisions adopted to implement the STCW Convention and Code. After arriving in the country, the plan, which is previously agreed with the national authorities, involves visits to different parts of the national administrations responsible for setting-up and maintaining the maritime education, training and certification system of seafarers. Coupled with the visits to administrations are visits to the individual Maritime Education and Training (MET) institutions. These allow EMSA’s inspectors to verify the system in place, including the quality of the systems and procedures they have set in place; their operating methods; and the human resources and equipment they have assigned to the different activities. In practice, the above not only ensures that the STCW standards are properly implemented and applied, but also enables the different entities to identify areas which may need improvement.

When combined with similar visits to EU Member States and EFTA States, EMSA staff travel to approximately eight countries per year.

Maritime administrations and MET institutions in more than 80 countries are currently visited and inspected, thus covering more than 90% of seafarers operating in European waters, as well as all others operating on EU, Icelandic and Norwegian registered ships around the world.

In support of those tasks, an STCW Information System (STCW-IS) has been developed. This system provides information on maritime administrations and MET institutions in the EU and EFTA, including maritime programmes, number of students and graduates.

In addition, the system gathers information on certificates and endorsements attesting the recognition issued to officers by the EU Member States, Iceland and Norway and, when available, on certificates issued to ratings. In this way, EMSA can provide data on the potential number of officers available to crew ships under the EU flags, Iceland and Norway.

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